Looking for CreateSpace? What’s the Best Alternative Now?



For 10 years, I have heartily recommended CreateSpace for self-publishing a paperback book.

But now if you visit CreateSpace, you will be directed elsewhere.

So what is the best place for print-on-demand now?

The two major options are Amazon KDP and Ingram Spark. There are a couple of other options, such as Lulu and BookBaby.


Kindle Direct Publishing (KDP) is Amazon’s original self-publishing service.


Although it used to be exclusively for Kindle eBooks, it has recently expanded to offer paperbacks.

It has also evolved so that it either matches or surpasses CreateSpace in the most significant ways.

CreateSpace didn’t disappear. Rather, CreateSpace simply merged with KDP.

KDP’s paperbacks print on the same facilities used by CreateSpace.

You get the same quality with KDP as you could expect from CreateSpace.

Since KDP is Amazon’s company, KDP is the natural feed for Amazon sales, and most indie authors sell the vast majority of their books on Amazon.

KDP lets you self-publish for FREE. (But I do recommend investing in one printed proof before publishing.) KDP’s main competitor, Ingram Spark, charges a setup fee.

KDP is also the most convenient option. When you finish self-publishing your paperback, you can self-publish a Kindle eBook edition with the same publishing service.

The distribution is slightly better with KDP than it was with CreateSpace (now that KDP added Canada distribution and Expanded Distribution, and is expanding to other countries like Australia, Japan, and Mexico—actually, I already sold a book in Japan).

KDP offers a free ISBN option.

You can now advertise paperbacks on Amazon by publishing with KDP.

As with CreateSpace, the free Expanded Distribution channel will get your book into the Ingram catalog, and if you use the free ISBN option you may get into Baker & Taylor.

The royalties are the same (except for sales in Europe for books under 100 pages).

Authors based in Europe can now have proofs printed from the UK or continental Europe instead of in the states.

If an author was looking forward to using CreateSpace, in principle KDP should seem just as compelling.

For most authors, I recommend checking out KDP’s print option first.


Ingram Spark and KDP are the two main print-on-demand companies.


Ingram has been a major distributor in the publishing business for decades and the Ingram catalog is famous in the publishing industry.

Ingram does charge a setup fee, and you may spend more ordering proofs or author copies (depending).

Some successful illustrated children’s authors who self-publish sell hardcovers well. For a print-on-demand hardcover, I recommend Ingram Spark.

(If you just want hardcover author copies and don’t need to sell them print-on-demand, another option is Nook Express. Note that Barnes & Noble’s Nook Express doesn’t currently offer print-on-demand with distribution; it’s currently for ordering author copies. However, Nook Express has been growing and expanding recently, so perhaps this will change in the future.)

A few indie authors who thoroughly research how to format their books with stores in mind, how to prepare an effective PR kit, and how to approach bookstores in person effectively may find it beneficial to self-publish with Ingram Spark. Most indie authors struggle with bookstore sales unless they sell author copies in person to local stores, in which case you could have these printed at KDP. But if you’re among the few who can get bookstores (and other types of stores that sell books, which can be valuable) to order directly from Ingram’s catalog, you might be able to set a discount to help with this (they could order from Ingram through KDP’s Expanded Distribution, too, but there you can’t control the discount).

Authors who aren’t based in the US and who expect significant sales in certain countries through Ingram’s distribution channels might benefit from Ingram Spark.

These are a few examples where Ingram Spark’s print-on-demand option makes sense compared to KDP.

Though I will say, in general, Ingram seems attractive with its potential distribution. But getting into the catalog is the easy part. Getting stores to order through those distribution channels is the hard part. Even KDP will get you into the Ingram catalog through the Expanded Distribution option. And if you’re worried about KDP’s imprint name showing as Independently Published, simply buying your own ISBN from Bowker (in the US at least) will solve that problem (and let you create your own imprint name).


BookBaby is an interesting option for both print-on-demand paperbacks and for eBooks.


BookBaby has a big advantage for authors who are already planning to invest a significant amount of money on a variety of publishing services, such as formatting or editing.

Among eBook aggregators and distributors, BookBaby also stands out in terms of its Kindle offering (with a KDP Select option).

I generally encourage new self-published authors to try to learn formatting on their own and to keep their overall publishing costs to a minimum. You have no way of knowing whether you will sell enough copies to recover your costs, and many new books don’t sell particularly well, so it makes sense not to risk too much when starting out.

Also, if you wind up publishing several books, and most successful indie authors do, think of how much you could save in the long run by learning how to do some of the work, like formatting, on your own.

However, if you do need to hire professional services, BookBaby offers a variety of paid services in addition to what appear to be competitive distribution options.

BookBaby also posts a satisfaction guarantee on their website.

I featured an inspirational story on author Cheryl Holt on my blog last year. Cheryl is one example of a top author using BookBaby. (But of course, there are no guarantees that you will have success, regardless of how you choose to publish. My example just shows that it can be done.)

Another print-on-demand option which has been around for years is Lulu. You might find Lulu to be more expensive for a typical paperback, but you might also discover some publishing options at Lulu that are hard to find elsewhere. For example, suppose you wish to order author copies with spiral binding.


If you were among the few authors who could have benefited by directing customers to the CreateSpace eStore, Lulu or BookBaby’s BookShop may be of interest to you (but you may have to use BookBaby for all of your distribution channels, and you may need a minimum investment to publish with BookBaby).

Write Happy, Be Happy

Chris McMullen

Author of the Improve Your Math Fluency series of math workbooks and self-publishing guides

26 comments on “Looking for CreateSpace? What’s the Best Alternative Now?

  1. For Australians, Ingram is the only way we can physically get print copies of our books. Since the GST debacle, I can setup a print book on KDP, but apparently I can’t even get a proof copy much less buy author copies. I guess even the proof copy is ‘sold’, therefore it accrues GST which Amazon refuses to pay. Sadly, Amazon.com.au does not offer print so we’re stuck, coming and going.
    In case any other Aussies are interested in Ingram, they have free setup periods at least twice a year. So far, I’ve printed 8 books with them and haven’t paid the setup fee on any.

      • I try to learn new things every day (and I enjoy sharing it on my blog when I can). Thank you for helping me better understand self-publishing in Australia. I see this issue regularly on community forums; hopefully Amazon will help out with it soon (it’s been a long wait though).

      • It has been a long wait, and I’m not holding my breath. Australia is a small market so I’d be very surprised if Amazon set up a print facility here [to supply the amazon.com.au marketplace].
        Amazon might open a print shop for the whole South East Asian market, but Ingram already has a very strong presence here so…-shrug-

    • I just hit the brick wall with the CreateSpace / KDP / Amazon situation. I published my latest title and was able to buy proof copies but now can’t get author copies. Amazon Oz lists it at $AU31 compared to my $US17.95 cover price, and even that comes from Book Depository. Completely bonkers. I think I’ll try to have my author copies delivered to a third party and have them on-shipped. In future I’ll be publishing elsewhere. Thanks for your blog Chris. – Peter Bond, Scribbled Lines Publishing

      • Yeah, the situation in Australia is ludicrous. I feel your pain. If Ingram, and I think, Lulu can have print facilities here, I can’t see why Amazon doesn’t, esp. with the GST issue complicating matters. Not great.

  2. Pingback: Looking for CreateSpace? What’s the Best Alternative Now? – by Chris McMullen… | Chris The Story Reading Ape's Blog

  3. Hi Chris,
    I held my breath when I moved from CreateSpace to KDP Print. I just ordered several author copies and it went seamlessly as it did with CreateSpace. Last spring I tried to use KDP print for my last book, but the Mac version of their software was clumsy and difficult to use. I went back to CreateSpace. When I get ready for my next book, I hope they have worked out the bugs.
    Thank you for keeping us updated with all the information you share.

  4. I’ve been using Blurb for about four years or so now. It has both US and UK (and probably other) sites, so I get local printing and therefore quick (extremely quick) proof copies. The set-up is easy using DTP style templates, and you can save your own styles for reuse – very good for series books!
    Only drawback is the free ISBN situation. Every time you upload you get a new ISBN, so have to delete the one you’ve changed. But then you don’t publish it till your ready. Distribution goes through Ingram.
    They do offer an ebook conversion, but the size of the file produced is ridiculous; it’s better to do your ebook via Smashwords or kindle, Nook, iTunes, etc.

  5. For any medium to large orders, KDP is a disaster. We’ve three times tried to order copies of our books to ship to events. The first problem is that KDP shows only a small number of copies available. For example––we need 50 and it says only 7 available.

    Next step––to the phone. They remove the limit and re-submit the order at the new quantity.

    Then-–the books show up at the event in multiple small boxes incurring a handling fee for each at the venue. CS used to send in the largest possible boxes.

    To add insult to injury, we’re charged a separate shipping fee for each box––which they reversed after our phone calls.

    Finally––there is no definite delivery date. CS used to specify a date and they were always early or right on time.

    Every time we bring up these issues, the courteous customer service folks thank us for our input and then say they’ll refer our concerns to their business team.

    We absolutely LOVED Create Space. We’re now looking for other options.

    • I’m sorry to hear that. I’ve ordered 30 copies of a book several times from KDP. In my case, the author copies arrived in a single box about 10 days after placing the order. I have never needed to contact KDP to change the quantity. I’m sorry to hear that your experience hasn’t been more like mine. Good luck.

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