KDP Print vs. CreateSpace (Comparing the Little Details)



I have published dozens of paperbacks with CreateSpace over the years, and have recently published some books (under pen names) with KDP’s new print-on-demand option.

While in many respects the two services are comparable (and both are Amazon companies), there are quite a few little differences.


There are several differences relating to printed proofs:

  • With KDP print, you don’t have to go through the manual file review process before you can order a printed proof. If you know what you’re doing, this saves 12 to 24 hours, but if you have a big mistake in your PDF files, CreateSpace’s manual file review would help to flag the issue before you waste time and money on a printed proof. However, both offer digital proofing tools to help catch mistakes before you order a printed proof.
  • KDP’s version of an interior reviewer is comparable to CreateSpace, but it appears to be friendlier for more web browsers. Also, whereas CreateSpace first offers an interior reviewer before file review and then a digital proofer after the file review, KDP print consolidates this into a single digital preview tool (accessible prior to file review).
  • A cool thing about previewing at KDP is that you can preview how your cover looks (back, spine, and front) before going through the file review process. With CreateSpace, you must first go through file review (12 to 24 hours, usually) before seeing the option for the digital proofer.
  • For authors residing in Europe, the most notable difference is that you can have a printed proof shipped from the UK, Germany, France, Spain, or Italy instead of the US if you use KDP print, whereas CreateSpace sends all author proofs from the United States.
  • The KDP printed proof has a not-for-resale watermark on the cover, whereas the CreateSpace proof simply indicates that it is a proof copy on the last page inside the book.
  • A funny thing about KDP is that you must first request the option to purchase a printed proof, then wait for an email to come that will take you to Amazon to order your proof. (Unfortunately, you can’t use Prime to get free shipping.) With CreateSpace, you just click to purchase a proof, without having to wait around for an email to come.
  • KDP print is much more finicky about the spine text, ensuring that it’s at least 0.0625″ from the spine edges. CreateSpace occasionally lets this slide if you’re close, and if you violate this, CreateSpace will often adjust your cover for you. KDP print will almost always make you revise your cover on your own until it meets this requirement to the letter. If you have a book just over 100 pages, you’ll have to really shrink your spine text down to meet this requirement. For a book under 100 pages, it’s a non-issue as spine text isn’t allowed, and for a book with a much larger page count, you should have plenty of space for your spine text. It’s just for books with 100 to 150 pages where this can be tricky.


KDP print has an advantage in terms of categories and keywords:

  • KDP print lets you enter keywords in up to 7 different fields, without imposing a strict limit on the character count (though I would avoid going over 50 characters, including spaces). CreateSpace only lets you enter 5 keywords (or phrases), and each one is restricted to 25 characters (including spaces).
  • KDP print lets you choose two Amazon browse categories, from the same category list that you see when you publish a Kindle eBook. If you publish both paperback and Kindle editions at KDP, this makes it easy to choose the same categories for both editions of your book. CreateSpace only lets you choose a single BISAC category, and the list doesn’t correspond as well with the actual categories that you see at Amazon (though even KDP’s categories don’t match that perfectly). If you contact CreateSpace, you can request to add your book to a second category, but that’s inconvenient, takes time, and may be completely undone if you republish your book (requiring another request later).


CreateSpace offers better expanded distribution, but very few self-published books see a significant benefit from this.

  • The main advantage is that CreateSpace automatically distributes to Amazon Canada and pays the same royalty for Canadian sales as for US sales. That’s great if your book happens to sell many copies in Canada, but for many books that sell mainly at Amazon.com (the US site), this is a minor detail.
  • CreateSpace’s expanded distribution includes online bookstores, including Barnes & Noble (online, not physical stores), the Book Depository, and many other websites. Again, this sounds great, as authors are hoping to sell books worldwide, but the reality is that most self-published books sell primarily through Amazon.
  • It’s very unlikely for your self-published book to get stocked by any national bookstore chain simply from the expanded distribution option. You can pretty much count on it NOT happening. Your best bet is to sell a few author copies to local stores that you approach in person with a well-researched press release kit, but expanded distribution really doesn’t affect this.
  • KDP print includes distribution to Amazon Japan (you get to set a royalty specifically for Japan, in addition to European countries), but otherwise CreateSpace offers much wider distribution through expanded distribution channels.

KDP print may improve their expanded distribution options in the future. (But will they add online bookstore distribution? Amazon really doesn’t want you selling your title on BN.com or Book Depository, right?) It would be nice to see them add Amazon Canada, Australia, Brazil, Mexico, and India. They have these options available for Kindle, and they already have Japan available for paperbacks, so we can hope…


This is interesting.

According to the KDP help pages, the option to use AMS to advertise KDP books is limited to ebooks. I also contacted KDP support to inquire about this option and was told the same thing.

BUT… If you proceed to run a Sponsored Product ad, you can find your KDP paperback books at the end of the list, and it will let you set up and submit an AMS ad for your paperback book. (However, a product display ad specifically states that it is only for ebooks right where you see this option from AMS.)

Most authors sell more Kindle ebooks than paperbacks, in which case it would make more sense to advertise the Kindle edition. In that case, it doesn’t matter whether you use KDP or CreateSpace for the paperback edition.

However, for the author who sells more paperbacks than ebooks (or for a book that wouldn’t be a good fit for Kindle, like an adult coloring book or a puzzle book), if you would like to advertise your book with AMS, you must use KDP’s print option (not CreateSpace). An alternative is to use Amazon Advantage (but then you would lose the major benefit of print-on-demand).


Ideally, you would perfect your book before you publish and never make any changes. But in practice, there can be a number of reasons to make changes:

  • Adjust your price.
  • Revise your description.
  • Change keywords or categories.
  • Update your cover.
  • Correct typos.
  • Keep the material current in a dynamic marketplace.

With CreateSpace, any changes to your interior file or cover file require going through the file review process, which basically unpublishes your book for 12 to 24 hours (at least: if you run into problems with that and have to go through the process multiple times, your book could be unavailable for sale for days).

At KDP, it works much like it does when you republish a Kindle ebook: You go through file review when you click the yellow Publish Your Paperback Book button. If you pass the file review, the new files simply override the old ones.

What I like about CreateSpace is that you can revise your list price, description, categories, and keywords without republishing your book, whereas any changes at KDP require republishing. (However, the best place to revise your description is through Author Central, but be sure to copy/paste the updated HTML version of your Author Central description into KDP. That way, if you ever republish your KDP book, the description won’t revert back to the original KDP description.)


In my experience, the Look Inside usually becomes available almost instantly with KDP print, whereas this often takes days at CreateSpace. It can vary considerably at CreateSpace: I’ve rarely seen it same day (or nearly so), and have occasionally seen it take well over a week.

If you’re launching your book with a strong marketing push, that Look Inside can be a valuable sales tool. I want it to be available as soon as possible. KDP print has the advantage here.


If you set it up properly from your KDP bookshelf, you will already have your paperback and ebook editions linked together on your bookshelf so that KDP “knows” that the two editions go together. Linking should be quick and easy at KDP.

If you publish the paperback with CreateSpace and the ebook with KDP, you must wait up to 72 hours for the two editions to automatically link together. Supposedly, if the title, subtitle, and author fields match exactly in spelling and punctuation, they will link automatically, but it does take time. Recently, I’ve had a problem with the editions not linking at all, and having to contact KDP support after 72 hours to request the link (perhaps my problem has occurred when I use my own imprint name and ISBN with CreateSpace).


If you take the free ISBN option, then:

  • CreateSpace paperbacks will show “CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform” under the publisher name at Amazon.
  • KDP print paperbacks will show “Independently Published” under the publisher name at Amazon.

Maybe many customers won’t notice the name in the publishing field, but CreateSpace has a little advantage here. There are millions of self-published authors. If you count their family members, friends, coworkers, and acquaintances, you will find several million customers who support self-published books. How do you find a self-published book to read? One way is to include the word “CreateSpace” (without the quotes) along with other keywords in a search at Amazon. There are customers who do this (I’ve discovered a number of books myself with this very method, even when I’m really shopping for a Kindle ebook, since I can find the Kindle edition from the paperback product page).

KDP print’s “Independently Published” sounds much more vague.

On the other hand, if you get your own ISBN, you can use your own imprint name, and then it makes no difference whether you use CreateSpace or KDP print. Either way, it will list your imprint name at Amazon. US authors can purchase ISBN’s from Bowker (at MyIdentifiers) for example. The cost is reasonable if you buy in bulk, but expensive if you just need one ISBN. (Don’t waste any ISBN’s on ebooks. Amazon gives you a free ASIN, and if you publish ebook editions elsewhere, an aggregator like Smashwords will offer a free ISBN for ebook stores that require one. Also, don’t use free ISBN’s anywhere other than where they are intended to be used.)


These are identical.

If you have a small sample size, you may experience statistical anomalies, making one service seeming much better or worse than the other. I’ve ordered thousands of author copies from CreateSpace over the years (often over a thousand copies per year), so I’m very experienced with what to expect in terms of quality and typical variations at CreateSpace. I haven’t ordered nearly as many copies from KDP print, but so far the quality is comparable.

List prices and royalties are the same (except that CreateSpace distributes to Canada and pays US royalties for Canadian sales).


KDP wins in terms of convenience.

After you publish one edition (paperback or Kindle), when you add the second edition to the same title on your bookshelf (instead of adding a brand new book), it automatically populates the title, author name, description, keywords, and categories.

You also see the royalties for both editions on your KDP reporting pages, instead of monitoring paperback and ebook royalties from two different websites (with two different accounts).

Copyright 2018


Author of the Improve Your Math Fluency series of workbooks and self-publishing guides.

55 comments on “KDP Print vs. CreateSpace (Comparing the Little Details)

  1. Pingback: Reblog: KDP Print vs. CreateSpace (Comparing the Little Details) | ARMAND ROSAMILIA

    • Thank you. πŸ™‚

      Yes, the estore closed, but CreateSpace still distributes to Amazon.com and the expanded distribution, same as usual. For most authors who almost never sold a paperback through the estore, the estore option doesn’t matter much.

  2. Just took the plunge with KDP. Picking first print book up from the post office tomorrow. I’ll be really interested to see how the quality compares to CreateSpace. As you say though, one or two books won’t really give a definitive answer, but still.

    If all goes well, I’ll have to think seriously about whether to bring the rest of my books over from CreateSpace or not. I like how CS lays it all out there for you – i.e. about sales percentages etc. I know KDP uses the exact same numbers, but they’re all hidden behind the catch-all ‘printing costs’. Small point but for some reason it niggles with me.

    I’m also in the process of trying out Lulu and IngramSpark here in Australia. The difference in postage, especially for 10 or more books is HUGE. Up to 28 average sized paperbacks, the total postage is $4.90 AUD. With CreateSpace I’d be looking at a small fortune. Unfortunately, IngramSpark also charges $53 AUD as the setup fee for each book. -sigh-

    • When I first published in 2008, CreateSpace (which also had a sister company called BookSurge) charged $39 per book for a pro plan option. I spent a pretty penny publishing my first dozen books. After a few months, they eliminated the pro plan fee, but charged $25 for expanded distribution. I spent another pretty penny on my next set of books. Months later, they eliminated all of the setup costs. I really appreciate not having to pay a setup fee for each book now. That’s one thing I don’t like about Ingram Spark and Lulu. Fortunately, shipping is reasonable here in the US. If I lived in Australia, it might be worth a setup fee to reduce shipping costs though. I hope you’re happy with the proof when it comes.

      • Yes, I’ve been doing my sums and the savings in postage really do justify the added setup fee.
        Unfortunately, the proof came back too dark. I’ll have to lighten the colours to achieve something close to what I see on my computer screen. It’s a pain as I feel as if I’m working half blind and ‘guessing’ at the colours. Ah well.

  3. Thank you for this, Chris. It’s almost as if you can read my mind because I’ve been mulling whether to go for CS or KDP for my first novel over the weekend. Your excellent ‘Self Publishing with Amazon’ has been a godsend but my copy predates KDP hence the dilemma.
    I had decided on CS (because your book is the only POD book I own and the quality is good) but since reading your post I’ll be going with KDP because they seem to service European authors better.
    Incidentally, while I’m on, you often refer to the word ‘math’ in your blog, which is the correct American form, whereas we Brits use ‘maths’ – as in mathematicS. Is there a reason for this difference?

    • Ah, math vs. maths, is quite interesting. As I understand it, they are different conventions for how to abbreviate mathematics. In the US and Canada, it is math, while in the UK and Australia, it is maths. The subject mathematics also isn’t exactly a plural; it can encompass other subjects (algebra, geometry, calculus, etc.), but with a verb we use the singular (for example, we say mathematics is cool, you wouldn’t say mathematics are cool, right?). So the s at the end of the British maths evidently isn’t a plural. It’s more like the s at the end of physics, thermodynamics, acoustics, aerobics, etc. But we say arithmetic, not arithmetics. The English language isn’t about consistency. πŸ™‚

  4. Hi Chris,
    I too went through the dilemma of which direction to go for my paperback version. I did my ebook first with KDP Create and started to work on the paperback. When I moved over to the paperback, the availability of format using Kindle Create for a Mac was unavailable. If I remember correctly the Kindle Create for the Mac was a beta version. I found it difficult to use and it was not consistent with its formats. So I went back to Create Space for the paperback.
    Are you recommending that if we have our paperbacks currently with Create Space, we should move them over to KDP? Your comparison chart is excellent and I can see the advantage of marketing with KDP, but other advantages get fuzzy. Thanks again for an excellent post for us novice writers.

    • That’s a good question. I haven’t yet been brave enough to try to migrate any titles from CreateSpace to KDP. If sales are fine, I wouldn’t mess with it. I will give my KDP print books some time to see how sales are going, and if they go well, I may try migrating a few CreateSpace titles to KDP, but I won’t experiment with my better selling books.

  5. Pingback: Friday Roundup – 8th June | Stevie Turner

  6. Pingback: KDP Print vs. CreateSpace (Comparing the Little Details) – Jean's Writing

  7. Pingback: Has Anyone Heard that Amazon is Merging Createspace into KDP Print (?) | The Digital Reader

  8. I’m trying KDP print for maybe the second time because Createspace is merging with them and will be migrating all titles over to KDP. I opted to stick with Createspace the first time I tried it because it kept rejecting my files.

    I’ve tried doc, docx, and now PDF and have waited over 2 hours to get the PDF file reviewer to load. I don’t know why it’s taking so long. The first file it timed out, then there was an error, and while I was waiting another hour, I searched what’s the best file recommended and saw it was PDF.

    I read another blog that posted they had issues loading files and getting them approved. The blog suggested downloading a PDFcreator that would compress the file size. I don’t know if that’s the issue or what but over an hour to open/launch the previewer seems extreme. My files are only about 5 mb large.

    Has anyone else had this issues since they sent out the merger notice?

    • Thank you for sharing your experience with KDP print. I’ve actually had better luck uploading files to KDP than CreateSpace, and the KDP version of the interior reviewer has been much better for me.

      I have had file upload issues at KDP with very large ebook files in kpf format for textbooks. First try switching web browsers. Sometimes, waiting a day has helped. If neither helps, try contacting KDP support. If authors are having technical issues with the transition, Amazon needs to be aware of it. Perhaps they will even come up with a suggestion.

      Good luck with your books.

      • I waited two days, downloaded their Beta Add-in for Word, reformatted the font and used the add-in, and after all of that was able to upload the files. Hopefully, I won’t have issues going forward. I did contact their support and they told me it was a technical issue they were working. That was part of why I waited a day or two plus I had to redo all the formatting.

  9. Pingback: CreateSpace and KDP Print are Merging | Self-Publishing Review

  10. Thankfully, I have not encountered any issues while transitioning over to KDP Print (around 40 titles, 6 of which were in the middle of being set-up). 3 clicks. It only took seconds.

    Later, I finished setting up the 6 titles. I uploaded my (extremely large) PDFs, kept my fingers crossed, and everything went smoothly. Not even a hiccup. These were the same files I had originally prepared for CS.

    I do miss the way I could check my daily sales per title on the old CS-dashboard, though. That was so convenient!

    • Thank you for sharing your experience with the transition.

      It was cool to see the order in which books sold at CS, though I’m saving time now, no longer as tempted to check my reports throughout the day.

      Good luck with your books. πŸ™‚

  11. CreateSpace was easier to use. I’m struggling with Kindles (paperback) book cover. The actual books were printed much clearer with CreateSpace, and were packaged properly for mailing. My books from Kindle arrived with glue smudges on the covers (and bent corners) in a bubble wrap envelope. My understanding is they are using the same printers. Well, the proof is in the pudding. I don’t think so. And all I had to do was pick up the phone for help with CS. Does Kindle even have a phone number? Their customer service is horrible!

    • I’ve ordered several hundred books now from KDP in quantities from 1 to 35, and my experience with the quality has been excellent, especially in recent months, though with the high volume they handle, I imagine it isn’t perfectly consistent and realize that they use different printers and may even outsource some orders (CreateSpace had similar issues). My most recent order of 12 books was packed well with additional materials inside, but there had been times previously where it didn’t and I have had small orders with just a simple mailer. Hopefully, they will continue to improve; many things about KDP have improved.

      I have received offers at various times to call KDP regarding paperbacks. Click help and look for the Contact Us button on the bottom left. If you don’t currently see a phone option, it’s possible to receive an invitation to call with an email response (perhaps this depends on some factors). Personally I’ve received excellent service via the email option, but not everyone seems to find the same.

      Good luck.

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